The most common data formats when it comes to healthcare data and its exchange are
- Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) - X12N
- Health Level 7 (HL7)
- Fast Health Interoperability Resources (FHIR)
- Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is a method that enables businesses to transfer information to one another electronically rather than on paper. It is the electronic interchange of information using a defined format.
- Organizations benefit from using EDI by having faster information turnaround times, more secure data exchanges, and no longer having to wait for claims to be processed.
- The X12 standard is maintained by the Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).
- The X12 standard transaction sets cover a wide range of industries and business functions, including the exchange of healthcare data.
- Using established communication formats and standards, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) in healthcare is a secure method of transferring data between healthcare organizations, insurers, and patients.
- Implementing EDI can address issues such as errors in data conversion, poor interoperability, high IT costs and security gaps and issues. It also makes sure that data transmission and interpretation are swift and easy in between software systems.
- Entities that exchange health information electronically today (eg. health plans, insurance companies, clearing houses, and health care providers) must use a uniform standard for all EDI healthcare transactions, in accordance with HIPAA EDI rules.
- Electronic Health Records (EHR) are digitized versions of patient health information.
- EHRs are used in order to share information with healthcare providers, laboratories, specialists, medical imaging facilities, pharmacies, emergency facilities along with school and workplace clinics.
- EHRs contain information about a patient’s health along with the information from clinicians involved in the patient’s care, from all or multiple doctors and/or providers involved in the patient’s diagnosis.
- EHRs are real-time, patient-centered records that make information available instantly and securely to all authorized users.
- EHRs contain information such as a patient’s medical history, diagnosis, medications, treatment plans, immunization dates, allergies, radiology images, and images, laboratory and test results.
- An EHR system is designed to go beyond the typical clinical data collected in a provider’s office and can be inclusive of a broader view of a patient’s care, even though it does contain the medical and treatment histories of patients.
- One key feature of an EHR is the ability of authorized clinicians to create and manage health information in a digital format that can be shared with other physicians across multiple health care organizations.